Assuming the trial judge gives you the freedom to move around the courtroom, does it matter where and how you stand during direct and cross-examination?
During direct examination, many lawyers recommend standing near the far end of the jury box, which forces the witness to look at the jury when answering.
Is cross-examination any different? According to Steven Puiszis, President of the Illinois Association of Defense Trial Counsel, it's best to move around during cross-examination. That's according to Helen Gunnarsson's "Cross-Examination: Beyond the Perry Mason Moment," in this month's Illinois Bar Journal--
Puiszis says that he paces around the courtroom during his cross-examination so that the witness will look at him and not at the jury. Doing so not only emphasized Puiszis's role as star but also further diminishes the witness's opportunity to gain credibility with the jury through eye contact.
What's the "role as star" business? During cross-examination, the cross-examining lawyer should be the main focus of the jury's attention. It's the complete opposite of direct, when the witness plays only a supporting role. During cross-examination, the jury's attention should be squarely on the questioning lawyer, who asks leading questions to which the witness can only answer yes or no.
To read Gunnarrson's entire article about cross-examination, look here (ISBA members only).