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« A Long-Awaited Illinois Supreme Court Ruling | Main | Organize Your Deposition Abstracts by Issue, Not by Page Number »



What do you do if your client has those copies of cancelled checks that banks issue now, rather than the actual checks? My client's bank destroys the original checks and gives her a sheet with 16 small copies to a page.

Do I have to subpoena the actual checks or a bank employee to authenticate them?


Are you trying to authenticate the information your client placed on the check, or the information that banks subsequently placed on the check while processing it? It seems like most of the time FRE 1003 and FRE 1004(1) (or the state equivalents) would allow admission of the copies through the client.


Thanks so much! I'm working on a Mock Trial case, and your info has been really helpful!

Shanoni Morey

How do you introduce telephone text messages sent by the witness? Isnt this an exception to the hersay rule?

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